Group Discussion: How to Open and Close a Group DiscussionGroup Discussion Preparation Strategy


Opening a discussion is a high risk a high return strategy. In most GDs, the opening speaker is the person who is likely to get the maximum uninterrupted time. Therefore, the evaluators get the best chance to observe the opening speakers. Now this is a double-edged sword.


In a group discussion round, if the opening speaker talks sense, he will get credit because he opened the discussion and took the group in the right direction. If, on the other hand, the first speaker's in a GD round lacks substance, he will attract the undivided attention of the evaluators to his shortcomings. So speak first in group discussion only if you have enough sensible things to say. Otherwise, keep yourself silent and let someone else start your GD round.

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GD opening is an art and depends on your confidence and knowledge of the topic. Many candidates go for GD opening or being the first speaker because that instantly grabs the attention of the Observers and gives some extra points to the candidate. But GD opening can be a two edged sword, if your content is not up to the mark, then GD opening can become fatal for you and will then have to work extra hard in that GD round to make up for your lost points.


Try and summarize the discussion at the end. This is called GD closing. In GD closing, do not merely restate your point of view, also accommodate dissenting viewpoints. If the group did not reach a consensus, say so in your summary or GD closing, but remember, do not force a consensus. Forcing a consensus could end up working against you. All well that ends well, this saying is apt for GD closing. If you have the confidence to summarize the GD i.e. GD closing then this will result in getting good last minute extra points from the Group Discussion observers.


Entering a Group discussion
Identify the way to enter the Group discussion. In a loud GD where there are three or four aggressive participants, and where a number of people tend to speak at the same time, it becomes difficult for others to get a chance to speak. There is no foolproof solution to this problem. And such a situation is pretty much likely to prevail during the actual GD round that you participate in. However, it is crucial that you speak.


Group Discussion Topics
So now that you are all set with the strategies for doing well in your GD round, lets look at a few topics that have been posed in past GDs in top B schools.
1. Our country needs more technocrats and less managers.
2. Management education is a luxury for a poor country like India.
3. Ends justify the means.
4. Women make better bosses than men.
5. Greed is an essential human quality.
6. Pollution control is a luxury for India.
7. Engineers joining management is a national waste.
8. Parliamentary democracy is an obstacle in the path of growth of the Indian nation.


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GD topics on various aspects:
1. Economic Topics: Liberalization is leading to jobless growth
2. Social Topics: Dowry continues to haunt Indian brides
3. Political topics: Reservation issue is just to get a vote bank
4. Sports/ Media related topics: 1 Billion people, 1 silver medal
5. Sector based topics like in IT, Telecom, Retail: Retail boom spells doom for the local grocer
6. Concrete topics: Greed is good
7. Abstract topics: Deep blue is not blue enough


Read Solved GD Topics:
GD Topic for MBA: What India gained at the WTO DOHA Round
GD topic for MBA: Political activism is the only way to root out corruption
GD Topic for MBA: New Lokpal will be effective in curbing corruption
GD Topic for MBA: RBI's new governor has taken adequate steps to improve Indian Economy