| 11 June 2013 0553 IST
Once you have built your Verbal Ability preparation strategy for CAT 2013, your next step should be to focus on each major areas of the section one by one.
The questions based on Correction of Errors in paragraphs and sentences can correctly be answered only when the fundamentals in English Language have properly been understood.
Once you have built your Verbal Ability preparation strategy for CAT 2013, your next step is to focus on each major areas of the section. You must have divided the syllabus into different major sections.
Our previous prep article on VA suggested how you can divide CAT Verbal syllabus.
In the first major area - Error Correction, you need to be very attentive while solving these questions as it carries minor errors also. The questions based on Correction of Errors in paragraphs and sentences can correctly be answered only when the fundamentals in English Language have properly been understood. The preparation and strategy to this module should be considered the first part of Verbal Ability since the concept building of fundamentals will lead the aspirants not only in getting the questions answered correctly, but also equip them with the finest skill set to understand and crack the questions in other segments as well, like vocabulary usage, jumbled paragraphs and reading comprehension.
You need to cover following topics in errors corrections for learning fundamentals.
A. Grammar – Core topics like Articles-definite, Indefinite, omission and repetition of articles; nouns, numbers, genders, use of collective nouns, subject-verb agreement, pronouns- personal, relative, reflexive; Verbs and verbal phrases-usage, Adjectives and Adverbs. Non-finites- infinitive, gerund, participles; dangling modifiers; punctuation usage; conjunctions-usage of connectors
B. Tenses – Indefinite, continuous, perfect, perfect continuous, reported speech, conditional and unreal past, distinction among various words; usage of causative verbs like cause, make; usage of too-enough, as well as, along with etc.
You must try to understand the concept in this sub-segment in the early stage of your preparation say in next 50 days. This will give you proper time for other parts which will be based on advanced application.
Foundation of Verbal Ability - Going by the trend, CAT gives a weightage of 9 to 12 marks to the error correction questions and a good command over this important area may boost your percentile. It is expected from an aspirant that he/she has got a fair knowledge of the same as can be expected from a well educated person, aspiring to become a future Manager of a good company.
Where to start from – If you go through the past CAT papers, you will find questions based even on the usage in the simplest parts of speech – Articles – the first part of Parts of Speech in English, its usage, omission and repetition. With more than four months still left for CAT-2013, you can prepare well for this VA portion.
Articles, for example, will not take more than two hours to conceptually understand and another one hour will be needed to go through the questions based on spotting the errors in the use of articles.
The Guidance – Aimed at guiding you on ‘Article Preparation’, a brief point-wise guideline on the usage of Articles is given hereunder followed by a few solved sample question as well as from CAT. However, the aspirants are advised in their own interest to go for more and more practice exercises.
'A' - It is an indefinite article and is used before the singular countable noun starting with a consonant e.g. A ten Rupee note, a horse, a fine and vivid speech,
Exceptions - Although article 'A' is used before a consonant, but it is also used before a vowel, the sound of which begins like a consonant, for example -
A European, A University, (E and U being pronounced as 'yu'), Similarly, if a consonant sounds like a vowel, article A will not be used before the said word but article ‘An’ will be used e.g. An Honest person, An honour to the profession ( H of the honest and honour being pronounced as 'O' - Onest, Onour)
‘THE’- It is a definite Article and is Used before the names of things unique of their kind in the Universe – The earth, the moon, the jupitar, the sky, the sun, the sea. The other usage are as follows:
The park, where the boy went, is a little far away;
Omission of the Article
Repetition of the Article
The secretary and Treasurer is absent (One person)
The Secretary and the Treasurer are absent (Two persons)
I have a blue and white motorcycle. (one motorcycle)
I have a blue and a white motorcycle (two motorcycles)
CAT Questions – Now, look at the following sentences that formed parts of four sentences in each Paragraph, supposed to be corrected by the examinee, in various CAT examinations:
Direction-Q.1 - 4 In each question there are four sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) that is/are incorrect in terms of grammar including, spelling, punctuation and usage. Pick out the most appropriate option, out of the options that follow the question
Ans.1.A only – When the Sun rose in the East, the Eskimos....
2. A. Like true sportsmen they would
B. give enemy fair play; everyone knows
C. Neil Armstrong was first man to walk on moon; and
D. Now you must draw map of India.
Ans. 1. B, C & D – give the enemy, C. The first man to walk on the moon D. Draw the map of India
A. It is irony that he likes to picture
B. himself as original thinker
C. but has never been able to set back
D. clock which is always hour too fast.
Ans. 2. A, B & D – an irony; as an original thinker; an hour too fast
A. The doctor says it is hopeless case
B. And I am so worried about him; I
C. have not seen him since he was child
D. It is a fact while there is life there is hope
Ans. 2. A & C – it is a hopeless case; ... since he was a child
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