Last Updated on December 15, 2014 by MBAUniverse.com News Desk

# CAT 2014: Result marking process decoded; Calculate percentile using GATE formula

The Normalization process to be implemented shall adjust for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms

The confusion on transparent process on score normalization and calculation of percentile continued even after publication of score normalization by CAT Centre 2014. The process claims to focus on Fairness, Equity and comparison of performances across the 4 test sessions in CAT 2014. However, the Normalization process remains without details.

Claim of Equity

CAT Centre 2014 declared In order to ensure fairness and equity in comparison of performances of the candidates across different test sessions, the scores of the candidates shall be subjected to a process of Normalization. The Normalization process to be implemented shall adjust for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms and the scaled scores obtained by this process shall be converted into percentiles for purposes of shortlisting.

As per GATE pattern

On the question of transparency of normalization process across the multiple sessions CAT Centre 2014 states The process of Normalization is an established practice for comparing candidate scores across multiple Forms and is similar to those being adopted in other large educational selection tests conducted in India such as Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).

The problem arose when the candidates had to understand first the GATE process which stands a bit changed in 2014. Those appearing in GATE or have understood the process it is good for them to understand it well but for those who are unaware about the process have to understand the GATE process first. In fact the commerce, science, medical, paramedical and graduates in Humanities who appeared in CAT 2014 still remained oblivious of this process.

Know the GATE normalization process first

During 2014, the CE, CS, EC, EE and ME examinations are conducted in multiple sessions. Suitable normalization process is therefore applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question sets across the different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions.

According to the GATE committee, this assumption is justified since the number of candidates appearing in multi-session subjects in GATE 2014 is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session subject, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude.

So whats the GATE formula

Based on the above the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects. From GATE 2014 onward (and year 2014-15 of the 2-year validity period of GATE 2013 score), a candidates GATE score is computed by the following new formula.

S= Sq + (St Sq) M Mq/Mt - Mq

where, S= Score (normalized) of a candidate; M= Marks obtained by a candidate (normalized marks in case of multiple-session subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME); Mq= Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or ? + ?, whichever is higher); ? = Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject; ? = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject; Mt= Average marks of top 0.1% candidates (for subjects with 10000 or more appeared candidates) or top 10 candidates (for subjects with less than 10000 appeared candidates); St= 900 = Score assigned toMt; Sq= 350 = Score assigned toMq.

Percentile:

A candidates percentile denotes the percentage of candidates scoring lower than that particular candidate. It is calculated as: Percentile= ( 1 -All India rank( No. of candidates in that subject) x 100%

The normalization process for CAT 2014

On the similar note the formula to calculate the percentile in CAT 2015 can be devised. Experts with MBAUniverse.com have been working and have decoded the pattern of normalization and calculation of percentile in CAT 2014 as follows-

Normalized marks (Mij) ofjthcandidate inithslot, is given by

Mij=Mgt-MgqMti-Miq(Mij-Miq) +Mgq

where,

Mijis the actual marks obtained by thejthcandidate in theithslot,

Mgtis the average marks of the top 0.1% candidates in all slots,

Mgqis the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots,

Mtiis the average of marks of top 0.1% candidates in theithslot,

Miqis the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in theithslot.

Understand with example

Total aspirants = 2,00,000

slots = 4

aspirants in each slot = 50,000 [ .1% of it = 50]

Mij = 202 out of 300 ( are the actual marks obtained by thejthcandidate in the3rdslot)

Mgt= [195 + 202 + 210 + 205 ]/4 = 203 ( is the average marks of the top 0.1% candidates in all slots)

here, 195, 202, 210 and 205 are the average of the top .1% aspirants of all slots

Mgq= 125 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots)

Mti = 210 (is the average of marks of top 0.1% candidates in the3rdslot)

Miq = 128 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in the3rdslot.)

According to the given formula, normalized marks = (203-125)(202-128)/(210-128) + 125 = 195.4

Expect high percentile with good scores

The above score is supposed to fetch a percentile near about 99.5. On the similar note and going by the relative difficulty level across the sections in different slots of CAT 2014 examination, it is expected that CAT 2014 takers could score a higher percentile in CAT 2014 than they could score in earlier CAT exams.

In CAT 2014 sections were found more balanced and more options to attempt the questions were available. A candidate could crack 60 correct out of 100 in CAT 2014 but it was much difficult to crack 35 correct out of 60 in earlier CAT exams despite the fact that more time per question to solve was available in earlier CAT exams. Accordingly due to negative marking system the percentile got dipped low in earlier CAT exams. In CAT 2014 with more questions available most of the candidates who refrained from attempting doubtful and difficult type of questions can expect a high percentile.

Related link

CAT 2014: Result Final Checks underway; to be announced shortly Say Dr Rohit Kapoor , CAT 2014 convener

CAT 2014: Result date not announced till now; Dec 3rd week approaching

CAT 2014 Over: Now what should be your plan; plan A or Plan B, check & march to implement

CAT 2014 takers: IIM A to add more seats to flagship PGP programme; forms committee to review the PGPX Programme

CAT 2014 Takers: Have you rectified DOB, Gender discrepancy; only 2 days available

CAT 2014: Rectify Discrepancy from today; dates postponed and changed from Nov 25 to Nov 27

CAT 2014 takers to note: IIMA revises fee structure for Management Programs

CAT 2014: IIM Indore and TCS deliver a perfect

Stay tuned to MBAUniverse.com for more updates on CAT 2014 percentile

Claim of Equity

CAT Centre 2014 declared In order to ensure fairness and equity in comparison of performances of the candidates across different test sessions, the scores of the candidates shall be subjected to a process of Normalization. The Normalization process to be implemented shall adjust for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms and the scaled scores obtained by this process shall be converted into percentiles for purposes of shortlisting.

As per GATE pattern

On the question of transparency of normalization process across the multiple sessions CAT Centre 2014 states The process of Normalization is an established practice for comparing candidate scores across multiple Forms and is similar to those being adopted in other large educational selection tests conducted in India such as Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).

The problem arose when the candidates had to understand first the GATE process which stands a bit changed in 2014. Those appearing in GATE or have understood the process it is good for them to understand it well but for those who are unaware about the process have to understand the GATE process first. In fact the commerce, science, medical, paramedical and graduates in Humanities who appeared in CAT 2014 still remained oblivious of this process.

Know the GATE normalization process first

During 2014, the CE, CS, EC, EE and ME examinations are conducted in multiple sessions. Suitable normalization process is therefore applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question sets across the different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions.

According to the GATE committee, this assumption is justified since the number of candidates appearing in multi-session subjects in GATE 2014 is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session subject, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude.

So whats the GATE formula

Based on the above the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects. From GATE 2014 onward (and year 2014-15 of the 2-year validity period of GATE 2013 score), a candidates GATE score is computed by the following new formula.

S= Sq + (St Sq) M Mq/Mt - Mq

where, S= Score (normalized) of a candidate; M= Marks obtained by a candidate (normalized marks in case of multiple-session subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME); Mq= Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or ? + ?, whichever is higher); ? = Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject; ? = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject; Mt= Average marks of top 0.1% candidates (for subjects with 10000 or more appeared candidates) or top 10 candidates (for subjects with less than 10000 appeared candidates); St= 900 = Score assigned toMt; Sq= 350 = Score assigned toMq.

Percentile:

A candidates percentile denotes the percentage of candidates scoring lower than that particular candidate. It is calculated as: Percentile= ( 1 -All India rank( No. of candidates in that subject) x 100%

The normalization process for CAT 2014

On the similar note the formula to calculate the percentile in CAT 2015 can be devised. Experts with MBAUniverse.com have been working and have decoded the pattern of normalization and calculation of percentile in CAT 2014 as follows-

Normalized marks (Mij) ofjthcandidate inithslot, is given by

Mij=Mgt-MgqMti-Miq(Mij-Miq) +Mgq

where,

Mijis the actual marks obtained by thejthcandidate in theithslot,

Mgtis the average marks of the top 0.1% candidates in all slots,

Mgqis the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots,

Mtiis the average of marks of top 0.1% candidates in theithslot,

Miqis the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in theithslot.

Understand with example

Total aspirants = 2,00,000

slots = 4

aspirants in each slot = 50,000 [ .1% of it = 50]

Mij = 202 out of 300 ( are the actual marks obtained by thejthcandidate in the3rdslot)

Mgt= [195 + 202 + 210 + 205 ]/4 = 203 ( is the average marks of the top 0.1% candidates in all slots)

here, 195, 202, 210 and 205 are the average of the top .1% aspirants of all slots

Mgq= 125 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots)

Mti = 210 (is the average of marks of top 0.1% candidates in the3rdslot)

Miq = 128 (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in the3rdslot.)

According to the given formula, normalized marks = (203-125)(202-128)/(210-128) + 125 = 195.4

Expect high percentile with good scores

The above score is supposed to fetch a percentile near about 99.5. On the similar note and going by the relative difficulty level across the sections in different slots of CAT 2014 examination, it is expected that CAT 2014 takers could score a higher percentile in CAT 2014 than they could score in earlier CAT exams.

In CAT 2014 sections were found more balanced and more options to attempt the questions were available. A candidate could crack 60 correct out of 100 in CAT 2014 but it was much difficult to crack 35 correct out of 60 in earlier CAT exams despite the fact that more time per question to solve was available in earlier CAT exams. Accordingly due to negative marking system the percentile got dipped low in earlier CAT exams. In CAT 2014 with more questions available most of the candidates who refrained from attempting doubtful and difficult type of questions can expect a high percentile.

Related link

CAT 2014: Result Final Checks underway; to be announced shortly Say Dr Rohit Kapoor , CAT 2014 convener

CAT 2014: Result date not announced till now; Dec 3rd week approaching

CAT 2014 Over: Now what should be your plan; plan A or Plan B, check & march to implement

CAT 2014 takers: IIM A to add more seats to flagship PGP programme; forms committee to review the PGPX Programme

CAT 2014 Takers: Have you rectified DOB, Gender discrepancy; only 2 days available

CAT 2014: Rectify Discrepancy from today; dates postponed and changed from Nov 25 to Nov 27

CAT 2014 takers to note: IIMA revises fee structure for Management Programs

CAT 2014: IIM Indore and TCS deliver a perfect

Stay tuned to MBAUniverse.com for more updates on CAT 2014 percentile