Make in India: The idea will make India a manufacturing hub


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“Make in India” – the idea will make India a manufacturing hub The debate on the success of Make in India campaign attracted not only the economists, bureaucrats and politicians to weigh its pros and cons, but the top MBA colleges in India have also been fascinated with the project. Many MBA colleges have included ‘Make in India’ as one of the hot topics in their GD round in different forms in final admission round to test the ability of prospective students to analyse it from different perspective. 

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Amrita School of Business MBA Admissions 2022 VJIM Hyderabad PGDM Admissions 2022 shares below the key points on the topic

Topic background
With a vision and mission to put Indian Economy on the wheel of high growth, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Government launched the “Make in India” campaign. The project aims to attract businesses from around the world to invest and manufacture in India.

The vision of the campaign is to make India a global hub for the manufacturing of goods ranging from cars to software, satellites to submarines, paper to power and a lot more.

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Make in India-key facts

  • “Make in India” is a realistic project which aims to increase the contribution of manufacturing in GDP to 25% from 16% as of now.
  • With the launch of ‘Make in India’ campaign, India has already marked its presence as one of the fastest growing economies of the world.
  • India is having the favourable demographic dividends for the next 2-3 decades and the cost of the manpower is less as compared to the other developed countries.
  • India is a house of strong and responsible business houses operating with credibility and professionalism. These business houses have big contribution into the development of the Indian economy.
  • India has a strong consumer market and is going to expand in the coming years.
  • The strong technical and engineering capabilities backed by top-notch scientific and technical institutes are an added advantage to boost this campaign.

Comparison with China

  • China is far ahead in manufacturing but it is projected that India is going to give a straight fight to China in the manufacturing sector.
  • The labour cost in China is increasing continuously and this may lead to the increased cost of the goods manufactured.
  • This will open a way to India to increase the manufacturing capabilities to serve the cheap manufactured goods to world.
  • China may lose its dominant position as the 'factory of the world' in near future because of its diluting quality of goods despite good manufacturing facilities.
  • RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan made statement that world cannot accommodate two Chinas but cannot stop India from becoming a successful exporter.
  • Although China exports 12 per cent of the World’s merchandise while India is having less than 2 per cent but given its massive labour force and considerably lower wages, India can snatch another two percentage points from China in the next 4 years. That alone could give a huge boost to the 'Make in India’ for the global economy' campaign.
  • Till 1978 China remained a closed door economy and way behind India. China marched on the path of steep economic growth only after it opened its doors to world market.
  • Indian Economy has been on the path of consistent growth but earlier couldn’t take off well as it focused on exporting more of raw material and less of finished goods.
  • India can become a manufacturing hub with growth in exports.
  • Since “Make in India” is focused on attracting the foreign investors to set up their units in India, manufacture here and export to rest of the world “Make in India” is going to be realistic to a great extent although it will take time to surpass the growth of China. 
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‘Make in India’ to awaken India

  • India is the 3rd largest growing economy of the world.
  • India has an immense pool of opportunities with cheap labour and abundant resources.
  • The export led manufacturing is definitely going to raise the economy of India and will benefit the country by exploring more job opportunities.
  • “Make in India” campaign is a strong campaign that favours the growth of India if continued on the right track with the strong and transparent system.


  • Poor infrastructure, roads, electricity are deferring the foreign investors to invest in India.
  • India should focus more on development of energy resources and development of infrastructure. To fulfil the vision of Make in India the investment could be invited in these sectors.
  • The necessity will be to do away with red-tapism and operational glitches to make the ‘Make in India’ campaign successful one.

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