XAT Essay Test 2024: Topics & Essay Writing Tips

Add Review

Welingkar Mumbai & Bengaluru Admission 2024 Open   | Apply Now
S P Jain Global GMBA & MGB Admission Open   | Apply Now
JAGSoM Bangalore (Avg. Salary Rs. 13.3 LPA) Open   | Apply Now
BIMTECH Greater Noida (Avg. Salary Rs. 11.24 LPA) Open   | Apply Now
IFMR GSB Krea University (Avg. Salary Rs. 13.5 LPA) Open   | Apply Now
Woxsen University Hyderabad MBA Admission 2024 Open   | Apply Now
Jaipuria Noida, Lucknow, Indore and Jaipur Open   | Apply Now
Sri Balaji University Pune MBA Admission Open   | Apply Now
Sparsh Global Business School Greater Noida Open   | Apply Now
NDIM New Delhi Admission 2024 Open   | Apply Now

Register now for latest MBA Exam & Admissions Updates

Amit Agnihotri
Columnist & Author, MBAUniverse.com
Updated on
January 6, 2024

XLRI is conducting XAT 2024 exam on January 7, 2024 as a computer based in single session of 3 hrs 30 minutes duration from 2 PM to 5.30 PM. XAT exam has two parts and the second part consists of GK and Essay Writing Test. Although Essay score is not counted for percentile calculation, it plays important role in final selection process of XLRI admission and assesses your writing skills.


XAT 2023

How to Write Essay in XAT: Topper’s Tips
XAT 2023 Topper with 99.98 Percentile and XLRI Jamshedpur student, Anna J Joseph suggests following Essay Writing Strategy and Tips for XAT 2024 Aspirants:

  • Write at least 2 Essays Every week.
  • Focus on writing different styles of essays and of different word limits
  • There are online resources for essay topics for XAT. Take a topic & write the essay
  • After Writing the Essay, find and solved essay topic online. Read it, and see how you can structure your ideas better

XAT Essay Writing: Word Limit
XAT Convener had earlier advised to frame your ideas in the essay in 300 words, which may be considered an ideal word limit.

Alert! MBA Admissions 2024 Closing for Top CAT, XAT Colleges | Apply Now 
IFMR GSB Krea University | Closing Soon | Apply Now BIMTECH Greater Noida| Closing Soon |Apply Now
Welingkar Mumbai | Closing Soon | Apply Now Jaipuria Noida, Lucknow | Closing Soon | Apply Now
S P Jain Global Mumbai | Closing Soon | | Apply Now JAGSoM Bangalore | Closing Soon | Apply Now
Sparsh Greater Noida | Closing Soon | Apply Now VBS Mumbai | Closing Soon | Apply Now
Woxsen University | Closing Soon | Apply Now       MET MUMBAI | Closing Soon | Apply Now
SOIL Gurgaon | Closing Soon | Apply Now Mahindra University HYD | Closing Soon | Apply Now
IBA Bangalore | Closing Soon | Apply Now JIMS Rohini Delhi | Closing Soon | Apply Now
MAT Exam (May) 2024 Registration Open – Apply Now


Importance of Essay Writing Section in XAT: 5 Salient Points

  1. TEST OF WRITING SKILL: For XLRI Admission, the candidate is expected to have good writing skill with coherent flow of thoughts. This is ensured through Essay Writing Test
  2. MAXIMUM WORDS ARE 300: You need to limit your essay in 300 words. The essay should contain more information and ideas in brief
  3. MANDATORY FOR XLRI ADMISSION: A good score in Essay writing test is must. If you do not do well you may not be offered admission in XLRI
  4. ESSAY TOPICS: Essay topics are based on business, economy, current affairs, abstract ideas. You should check Previous XAT papers to know the essay topic trends in XAT
  5. NO CORRECT ANSWER: Essay writing is opinion and fact based descriptive test, there is no correct or incorrect answer for this. The more you score the better will be your admission chances in XLRI
  6. ESSAY EVALUATED IN FINAL SELECTION PROCESS: Since Essay score is not counted for percentile calculation, XLRI evaluates it only for those candidates who have been shortlisted 

XLRI had restored Essay Writing Test section in XAT 2023 exam. Earlier the essay writing test was removed from XAT exam in 2019. A 5 minute pause will be given between XAT Part-I and Part-II to ascertain that there is no technical glitch (For example all the alphabetical, numeric, punctuation and sign keys on key board should be working fine) 

Alert! MBA Admissions 2024 Open for Top Colleges | Apply Now
Welingkar Mumbai & Bangalore | Apply Now Rajagiri Business School Kochi | Apply Now
SCMS Cochin | Closing Soon | Apply Now Sparsh Greater Noida | Closing Soon | Apply Now
Woxsen University | Closing Soon | Apply Now Delhi School of Business (DSB) | Apply Now
Rajagiri Business School Kochi | Apply Now Jaipuria Noida, Lucknow | Closing Soon | Apply Now
MET MUMBAI | Closing Soon | Apply Now NDIM New Delhi (NDIM) | Closing Soon | Apply Now
Sparsh Greater Noida | Closing Soon | Apply Now SIES Mumbai | Closing Soon | Apply Now

Top 20 Previous Year XAT Essay Topics
The list of XAT essay topics consists of such topics which appeared in past Essay writing tests in XAT.  XAT Essay topics are mostly based on abstract ideas. The Essay Writing Test in XAT is evaluated only for the shortlisted candidates in the final selection round by XLRI.  The Essay topics in XAT exam are also used in WAT process by many top MBA colleges. Top 20 XAT Essay Topics for XAT exam as appeared in previous XAT years are detailed below:

XAT exam year
Essay topics in XAT exam
1. Risk Taking is Essential or Not;
2. Rapid Decarbonization in Context to India
3. People with half Logical skill are smart workers as the don’t doubt themselves 
1. In management we do not need people who have never experienced setbacks. Such people are highly risk averse
2. Capitalism and democracy follow different logics: unequally distributed property rights on the one hand, equal civic and political rights on the other
Ethical Practices and Sustainability: Do they co-exist?
Technology and Nature are natural enemies
Listening is a dying art. We hardly listen to understand. We only listen to refute or reply.
The most beautiful thing can neither be seen nor be touched but can only be felt
Corruption is the root cause of economic slowdown in India
2012 (Option to choose one of the two topics)
Government is not addressing the root cause of poverty Or, 
Government is not able to implement the policies properly due to the huge magnitude of poverty
2011 (Long and thought provoking topic made the candidates think more before beginning to write)
The statesman who would attempt to direct private people in what manner they ought to employ their capitals, would not only load himself with a most unnecessary attention, but assume an authority which could safely be trusted to no council and senate whatever, and which would nowhere be so dangerous as in the hands of a man who had folly and presumption enough to fancy himself fit to exercise it.
Earth provides enough to satisfy everybody's need but not everybody's greed
The Inherent vice of Capitalism is unequal sharing of blessings and the inherent virtue of Socialism is equal sharing of misery  
Gender Imbalance would lead to Third World War
Economic growth without environmental damage – a mirage or a reality
India has one of the largest pools of talented manpower, but few innovations and patented products
More than one billion Indians: A gigantic problem or a sea of opportunities
Asked at the age of 83, as to which of his project would he choose as his master piece, Frank Lloyd Wright, the architect answered, "The next one"
To give real service, one needs to add something that cannot be bought or measured, like sincerity and integrity

40 Most Important Essay Topics for XAT 2024
The important thing is that on any essay topic in XAT, the writing of essay will be like a long paragraph of not more than 250-300 words. So, one of the XAT essay writing tips by the experts is to make sure whatever you write is meaningful and is non repetitive in content. The probable essay topics are:

  1. FAME India Scheme to reduce Vehicle Pollution: Review of Phase 1 & 2 Objectives and Success; Phase 3 Plans
  2. Viksit Bharat@2047: A Timely Program for India's Transformation
  3. The Deepfake Dilemma: Unravelling the World of AI-Generated Content
  4. Ethics in Business: A Passing Fad or Necessary Condition?
  5. Narayana Murthy's Call for a 70-Hour Workweek: A Debate on Pros and Cons 
  6. Think Global, Act Local
  7. Women Reservation Bill
  8. India’s Solar Mission Aditya-L-1: Another Success Story in Space
  9. India Middle East Europe Economic Corridor
  10. Global Space Economy: Can India be a Leader?
  11. One Nation One Poll’: Benefits are More for India
  12. India Semiconductor Mission: Why is Chip Manufacturing a priority for Modi Government; Economic Impact
  13. China Plus One Strategy: How India can Benefit from Global companies adopting China Plus One Strategy
  14. Chandrayaan 3 – Benefits for India & Management Lessons
  15. India to overtake US as world's second largest economy by 2075: Goldman Sachs Report
  16. Digital Personal Data Protection Bill
  17. Uniform Civil Code: History, Benefits and Concerns, UCC Bills
  18. Future of Artificial Intelligence
  19. Work From Home: Desirable and Dream Job option for Employees?
  20. Foreign Universities in India: Will it raise academic standards and benefit Indian students, parents?
  21. World War 3: Will Russia Ukraine Conflict result in Third World War?
  22. India overtakes China as the world's most populous country: Is Population a Boon or a Bane?
  23. Hindenburg Report accuses Adani Group of Stock Manipulation, Fraud: Will this tarnish India’s Image?
  24. Digital Public Goods (DPG): India’s approach and opportunities for the World
  25. ChatGPT: Will ChatGPT kill search engines or transform them
  26. National Green Hydrogen Mission launched; Can India lead the world in Green Energy?
  27. Vande Bharat Express Train: Necessity of Time or Luxury
  28. G 20 - India Presidency in 2023: History, Plans, Expectations and Roadmap
  29. Tech Layoffs: Top Tech Layoffs At Big Tech Companies In 2022
  30. Moonlighting in India - What, Why and Should of this HR nightmare
  31. 5G Telecom Services in India – Benefits and Impact
  32. Global Hunger Index 2022: Hunger in India
  33. Fair Digital Finance
  34. National Logistics Policy: Will it Reduce Costs & Improve Competitiveness of India
  35. Buy Now Pay Later (BNPL): A convenience or a trap
  36. Gati Shakti Master Plan
  37. Global Climate Crisis: India Leadership
  38. Coal Crisis in India 
  39. Russia Ukraine War: Reasons for Conflict & Impact on India
  40. Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC): Impact on Indian Financial System & Cryptocurrency

5 XAT Essay Writing Skills you need

  1. Subject knowledge
  2. Clarity of thought
  3. Flow of ideas
  4. Examples based on facts   
  5. Correct usage of Grammar & Vocabulary

10 XAT Essay Writing Tips
XAT Essay Writing Tips include your flow of writing, grammatically correct writing, making meaningful sentences in easy and coherent language apart from subject knowledge. The important XAT essay writing tips are:  

  1. Make sure to write in paragraphs
  2. Each paragraph should express different idea that contributes to the main idea
  3. Paragraph should contain - (i)  Topic Sentence: it is the 1st sentence expressing the main idea of the paragraph- Say what you are going to say; (ii)  Supporting Sentences: they expand the main idea expressed in the topic sentence; (iii) Concluding Sentence: rounding off what has been said or a logical conclusion of the idea in the topic sentence
  4. Flow of paragraphs is must with words used with precise meanings without ambiguity
  5. The first paragraph should be an introduction to the subject matter
  6. Expansion/ support/ refutation of the idea must follow in subsequent paragraphs
  7. The last paragraph must have a conclusion of the main idea
  8. You can choose either Deductive or Inductive form of essay writing
  9. Read the directions carefully and focus on the issue rather than peripheries
  10. Recognize action words- analyse, discuss, evaluate, argue, comment  

 5 Important don’ts for XAT Essay Writing: Key Tips

  1. Do not use Jargon or Slang
  2. Do not use Cliché
  3. Do not use Abbreviations
  4. Do not use Quotations without acknowledgments
  5. Make tentative statements; avoid definitive statements- it leaves a scope for further discussion

How to improve Essay Writing skill: 5 Preparation tips

  1. Regularly read Newspaper editorials
  2. Read Top articles in News papers
  3. Check and read News websites
  4. Read Non-fiction
  5. Indulge in meaningful discussions with friends and family

XAT Essay Writing Test: Key Changes
The essay writing test in XAT is online computer based test. The key features and changes introduced by XLRI in XAT Essay Writing Test are:

  1. Essay Writing test in XAT is in the 2nd part of XAT exam
  2. Maximum 3 marks are awarded for the correct, coherent and well worded XAT Essay writing 
  3. Test taker has to complete XAT essay writing along with GK section in 25 minutes or less
  4. No extra time for XAT Essay writing test is assigned in online computer based XAT. Candidate has to complete the essay writing test within the overall time limit of 25 minutes
  5. 250-300 words limit is good for essay writing test in XAT 2024  
  6. No negative marking is there on XAT essay writing test
  7. The question on Essay writing in XAT is the last question in XAT exam

Solved XAT Essay topic
XAT essay topic which earlier appeared in XAT exam is also an important guide. The previous XAT essay topic ‘Globalization and Jingoism always coexist’ seems to be an abstract Essay topic, but in fact it is a current affairs topic for essay writing. The importance of this essay topic can be understood by the fact that it has gained international relevance post the United States’ President elections. The solved XAT essay topics is shared below:   

Alert! MBA Admissions 2024 Open for Top Colleges | Apply Now
Sri Balaji University Pune MBA | Apply Now JAGSoM Bangalore Admission 2024 | Apply Now
IBA Bangalore Admission 2024 | Apply Now CIMP Patna PGDM Admission 2024 | Apply Now
Amrita Business School Admission 2024 | Apply Now  MDI Murshidabad  Admission 2024| Apply Now 
IPE Hyderabad Admission 2024 | Apply Now Appejay School of Management | Apply Now
SSIM Hyderabad Admission 2024 | Apply Now Sri Balaji University Pune MBA | Apply Now


Solved topic: Globalization and Jingoism always coexist
The last decade of 20th century began with the concept of Globalization especially the developing economies taking steps to leap from Jingoism – the too aggressive protectionism at national level to spread wings in order to reap benefits of competitive Global markets.


The move of Globalization has been viewed as the step taken to bring the world closer, get the benefits of advanced economies, make the economy of the home country grow on the lines of Global growth, know and spread the culture of one another. However, since Globalization without the touch and feel of domestic requirements will lose the relevance at national level, both the concepts have coexisted and will continue to co-exist.


Globalization: Concept is not new
Globalization is the new name for Laissez-faire – a French term that came up in 17th century calling for minimum Government intervention and allowing free movement of goods and services offering healthy competition to the local economy to enable it to improve its quality and standard.


Given the fact that many countries which remained under the control of foreign powers for hundreds of years and could not compete Globally after they were freed and apart from the moving on the path of growth in accordance with Global trends, they had to protect their home industries by imposing import restrictions, high tariffs, custom restrictions, quotas on certain imported goods to protect and enable home industries to grow. To inculcate the feeling of nationalism the use of domestic made products has been promoted.


Thus, the Globalization with Jingoism has continued to co-exist for centuries to help the under developed countries to become developed and become one of the strong economies with high per capita income in the world.


Earlier the developed economies like United Kingdom, United States of America and other countries also aggressively practiced Globalization with jingoism but placed no tough restriction on employment to the skilled technical personnel and other human resources coming for employment from other countries. The outsourcing of services in low per capita income countries was also freely permitted to increase profit margin in home countries.


No restriction on imports, exports of goods and services by the developed countries like USA was imposed earlier. 


Quite recently, Jingoism-the national patriotism to somewhat extreme level has again started overpowering the Globalization even in developed countries. This could also result in isolation due to too much protectionism. 

India’s Top MBA Entrance Exams: Check Dates, Pattern, Mocks, Registration Process…

More Developed countries practicing Jingoism
Recently elected President of America Mr Donald Trump has fuelled the Jingoism more while announcing number of restrictions on free import of various goods, issuing the Visa to foreign nationals and foreign skilled professionals coming for employment in USA.


USA has recently announced a hefty increase in import tariff on Aluminium and steel. The Jingoist action has been criticized by Europe, China and World Trade Organization alike and is viewed as a step to stop spread of Globalization. Any counter reaction by Europe on other imports from USA may become a deterrent on spread of Global Trade that could become prosperity.


Similarly, the President of USA has put the arrival of professionals from certain Islamic countries under a tough scan by announcing certain restrictions. This has irked the targeted Islamic countries. But on the similar grounds US President has also announced liberal aids to many countries and has stopped the major chunk of aid to the countries like Pakistan who give shelter to the terrorists. This move is appreciated worldwide as the spread of Global Trade is not possible without elimination of fear of terrorism.


Brexit is another example of Jingoism to protect home economy against Globalization. Brexit refers to the Britain moving out of the European Union with the objective to put a check on immigration by tightening its visa norms deviating from the European Union norms.


No going back: Co-existence is easier now
Internet, Social media, easy Global movements, have made it easier to get in touch any part of the world, buy any product from any part of the world, move and set up a business abroad.


This has given rise to Global networking and views are instantly expressed on any Global happening or event. It has also become possible to promote the native product, culture and make it more prominent while competing with cultures and practices of other countries. It however depends how well both are practiced and not taken to either of the two extremes on Globalization or Jingoism.


Fear of loss giving rise to Jingoism
Countries are opening up now. More people study and search employment in foreign countries than earlier. Many of them migrate to other countries for good and settle there. This has given rise to the fear among the natives that their jobs might be taken away as people are coming at lower remuneration, outsourcing by industries in low cost countries could result in loss of employment in home country and so on.


However, since it is the Globalization that is spreading business, it is very much possible that with the expansion of trade, home country will reap more benefits resulting in more employment for natives in the expansion phase.


The fear of losing the native culture, indigenous arts, cottage industry among others also give rise to Jingoism, making it a hindrance in spread of Globalization.


Thus, with the greater Globalization, more fear of loss will be there giving rise to more Jingoism. Hence, both will coexist unless the countries become confined to isolated homes without making any Global trade which is not possible for the future of world economy.


It is now for the country, understanding among the people how they keep a balance between Globalization and Jingoism.


XAT Essay Writing Test: Important Changes Over the years

Amit Agnihotri
Columnist & Author, MBAUniverse.com
Short name
Essay Writing Tips

Question and Answers

No Questions have been asked yet