CMAT Score Vs Percentile


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Updated on
January 28, 2020

CMAT 2020 exam result was declared on February 4, 2020 late night. National Testing Agency has announced the All India Merit list based on the Total Marks obtained by the candidates in Common Management Admission Test (CMAT) 2020 conducted as Computer Based Test (CBT) on 28th January 2020 in a single slot on January 28, 2020 from 9.30 AM to 12.30 PM.


CMAT 2020 Score Vs Percentile for Admission 2020: Key Highlights
Total Candidates:
63297 candidates appeared out of 74486 registered in CMAT-2020. The A National Merit Ranking (All India Rank) with CMAT score vs Percentile has been arrived based on the Marks secured against Total Marks.


Higher Percentile Awarded at Low Score: In the 2020 score card, the CMAT score Vs percentile has gone up. The candidate with 347 marks has been awarded 100 percentile in 2020 as against 372 score for 100 percentile last year. In CMAT 2020 only one candidate has been awarded 100 percentile. Similarly, the CMAT score for 99 to 99.99 percentile in 2020 is awarded to 637 candidates in the range of 282 to 342 marks as compared to 310-361 marks last year.

Check List of MBA Colleges Accepting CMAT in All Percentile Range

More Candidates than Last Year: This year CMAT National Merit list includes 63297 candidates who appeared in the CMAT 2020 exam as against 54516 candidates who appeared in CMAT last year. The range of CMAT score vs percentile awarded to the test takers in 2020 is from 0.006 percentile to perfect 100 percentile. No candidate has been disqualified in the exam.   

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Percentile Ranking Calculation: In case total marks are same for more than one candidate, the percentile ranking has been done on sectional score considered in the order of :- Quantitative Techniques & Data Interpretation (QTDI), Logical Reasoning (LR), Language Comprehension (LC), General Awareness(GA), Candidates having less negative responses and Candidate older in age.


CMAT Score Vs Percentile 2020: Top Range
NTA awarded higher percentile at lower CMAT score in 2020 as compared to last year CMAT score Vs percentile pattern. The CMAT raw score range that fetched respective percentile for MBA admission as announced in the CMAT result is shared below:

CMAT 2020 Percentile Range
CMAT 2020 Score Range out of 400 Maximum Marks
Total Candidates in the Range

Source: NTA CMAT National Merit List 2020 & Analysis


Important Points to Note
A few key points to note about CMAT Score Vs percentile ranking process for MBA admission 2020 as detailed in the National Merit List declared on February 4, 2020 are as under:

  • The merit list indicates Roll number, Rank, section wise Marks obtained and NTA Score of all the candidates. CMAT-2020 score is valid for the admissions of academic year 2020-21.
  • The CMAT Score indicates the percentage of candidates that have scored EQUAL TO OR BELOW (same or lower raw marks) candidates
  • The CMAT scores of a Candidate have been calculated as follows: 100 X Number of candidates appeared in the examination with raw marks EQUAL TO OR LESS than the candidate Total number of the candidates appeared.
  • The NTA CMAT exam 2020 Score of the Total is NOT an aggregate or average of the NTA Score of individual subject
  • The score is not the same as percentage of marks obtained
  • Admission authorities and institutions are free to take their own decision at the time of admission as to what weightage they wish to give to a particular section

Last Year CMAT Score Vs Percentile
NTA awarded a lower percentile at higher CMAT score in 2019. The CMAT raw score Vs Percentile last year as announced in the CMAT result was as under:

CMAT Score Range
Below 153
Below 41
98-99.99 (No Candidate Between 361 to 372)

CMAT Score Vs Percentile: Calculation Process
The National Testing Agency (NTA) has devised the process to obtain CMAT percentile score with raw score in CMAT exam. For example a raw score of 170 in CMAT has been awarded 65 percentile and with a score of 251 to 342 you are awarded a percentile of 95 to 99.99. The score Vs Percentile calculation process in CMAT exam goes through various stages. Let us know the CMAT score Vs Percentile as calculated by NTA for MBA admission

  • Your Raw sectional and overall score obtained in CMAT exam.
  • Before calculating percentile, CMAT score is equated and normalized for the difficulty level
  • This raw CMAT score is converted to Scaled score
  • The scaled CMAT score is converted to percentile score.

CMAT 2020 Scoring Pattern
Following is the scoring pattern in CMAT 2020:

  • Maximum marks 400
  • Total questions are 100
  • 4 marks awarded for each correct answer
  • -1 mark for every wrong answer
  • CMAT Score card contains Raw as well as Percentile score

Score scaling and Score Normalization lead to percentile score
The process of converting the raw CMAT score to percentile score again depends upon many factors – number of candidates who have appeared in CMAT exam, difficulty level of question paper. Taking all this into account scores are arrived at. This process goes on for score normalization and leads to percentile scores.  

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Normalization depends on LoD
The Scaling & Normalization process of CMAT scores have also brought about certain changes as both the components take into account the level of difficulty of CMAT exam. While the Normalization process, as announced for CMAT 2020 scores, adjusts for location and scale differences of score distributions across different forms, the scaled scores obtained by this process are converted into percentiles for purposes of shortlisting.


CMAT claims to have the most transparent process on score normalization and calculation of percentile. The process claims to focus on Fairness, Equity and comparison of performances across the test in CMAT 2020.


GATE pattern to convert score to percentile
The process of Normalization is an established practice for comparing candidate scores across multiple Forms and is similar to those being adopted in other large educational selection tests conducted in India such as Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE).


To understand the conversion of raw score to percentile score and to know about the score normalization process in CMAT 2020, understand first the GATE process which stands a bit changed.


Those appearing in GATE or have understood the process can understand it better but for those who are unaware about the process have to understand the GATE process first. In fact the commerce, science, medical, paramedical and graduates in Humanities who are appearing in CMAT 2020 still remain oblivious of the percentile VS Score calculation formula in CMAT 2020.


GATE normalization process 
During 2018, the CE, CS, EC, EE and ME examinations are conducted  in multiple sessions. Suitable normalization process is therefore applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question sets across the different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that "in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions".


According to the GATE committee, this assumption is justified since "the number of candidates appearing in multi-session subjects in GATE is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session subject, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude."


GATE formula
Based on the above the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects. From GATE 2014 onward (and year 2014-15 of the 2-year validity period of GATE 2013 score), a candidate's GATE score is computed by the following new formula.

where, S = Score (normalized) of a candidate; M = Marks obtained by a candidate ("normalized marks" in case of multiple-session subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME); Mq = Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or μ + σ, whichever is higher); μ = Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject; σ = Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject; Mt = Average marks of top 0.1 % candidates (for subjects with 10000 or more appeared candidates) or top 10 candidates (for subjects with less than 10000 appeared candidates); St = 900 = Score assigned to Mt;   Sq = 350 = Score assigned to Mq.


A candidate's percentile denotes the percentage of candidates scoring lower than that particular candidate. It is calculated as: Percentile = ( 1 - All India rank( No. of candidates in that subject) x 100%


Application of formula in CMAT 2020
The formula to calculate the percentile in CMAT can be devised.  The score normalization process formula by CMAT expert would be as follows-


Normalized mark (︿Mij) of jth candidate in ith slot, is given by
︿Mij = Mgt - MgqMti - Miq ( Mij - Miq ) + Mgq

Mij is the actual marks obtained by the jth candidate in the ith slot,
Mgt is the average marks of the top 0.1 % candidates in all slots,
Mgq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all slots,
Mti is the average of marks of top 0.1 % candidates in the ith slot,
Miq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in the ith slot.


Example of converting Score to Percentile
Sample of 200,000 candidates taking CMAT, assuming that the maximum exam score is 300 (In place of actual 400) is taken below for ready reference. You can change it to 400 maximum marks and can fresh calculate the same.


Total Test takers = 2,00,000

slots = 2

Test takers in each slot = 1,00,000                                    [ .1% of it = 100]


Mij  = 170 out of 300               ( is the actual marks obtained by the jth candidate in 

                                                   the 2nd slot)

Mgt = [195 + 190 ]/2 = 192      ( is the average marks of the top 0.1 % candidates of

                                                    both the slots)

here, 195  and 190 are the average of the top .1% aspirants of all slots


Mgq =  112                               (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks

                                                  of all candidates in both the slots)

Mti    =  190                               (is the average of marks of top 0.1 % candidates in 

                                                   the 2nd slot)

Miq    = 110                               (is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks

                                                  of all candidates in the 2nd slot.)


So, according to the given formula, normalized score = (192-112)(170-110)/(190-110) + 112 = 172

Check List of MBA Colleges Accepting CMAT in All Percentile Range

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Score Vs Percentile

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